Québec, Canada History

According to thesciencetutor, Québec is a province of Canada with 7.5 million residents who are mainly French-speaking. Quebec’s historic district was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.

The largest city in Quebec is Montreal, while the capital is Québec. The area is approximately 1,667,441 km 2 and is thus the largest of the ten provinces.

TIMELINE:

1534-1763 – Québec was a French colony during this period called New France.

1641 – The ” Beaver Wars ” begin.

1665 – Carignan-Saleire’s regiment wipes out five Mohawk towns.

1666 – Carignan-Saleire ‘s soldiers invade Iroquois territory, burn the cities, and destroy the harvest.

1689 – The ” Lachine Massacre ” is the day Iroquois warriors attack Lachine, killing and torturing most people.

1702-13 – Queen Anne’s War begins.

1712 – New France stretches from Newfoundland to Lake Superior, from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.

1734 – Marie-Joseph Angelique, a black slave, is innocently hanged for burning the owner’s house and the rest of what was then Old Montreal.

1759 – The siege of Quebec City begins; British troops defeated French troops in the ” Battle of Quebec ” and the city surrendered.

1763 – The province becomes a British colony. This status was maintained until 1931, when they became independent along with the rest of Canada.

1812 – A British-American war is fought between the United States and Britain and its colonies in Canada. The war took place 1812-15 on land and at sea. 1,600 died on the British side and 2,260 on the American side.

1818 – A border between Canada and the United States is established at the 49th Arctic Circle, and is the longest international border in the world.

1832 – A cholera epidemic breaks out, killing 6,000 people.

1870 – A huge forest fire in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region leaves a third of the population homeless.

1889 – A landslide on Champlain Street in Quebec City kills 45 people. Watch video with pictures here.

1907 – Part of the Quebec Bridge collapses, killing 75 workers. The bridge collapsed once again in 1916.

1917 – Government enforces conscription, causing riots and protests. See more here and here.

1921 – The Ku Klux Klan establishes itself in Montreal. Read more here.

1922 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier invents the first snowmobile. See here.

1939 – Canada becomes involved in World War II.

1943 – WL Mackenzie, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill meet at the Second World War Conference in Quebec City.

1955 – The Richard riots are about hockey player Maurice Richard, who was suspended after a vicious episode of violence in which he beat a side referee. President Clarence Campell quarantined him for the rest of the season, which started the riots in Montreal.

1972 – 200,000 Hydro-Québec workers strike, the largest strike in Canadian history to date.

1976 – Five American boxers – Sugar Ray Leonard, Leon Spinks, Michael Spinks, Leo Randolph and Howard Davis Jr. won gold medals at this year’s Summer Olympics, held in Montreal. They are known as the best boxing team the United States has ever had, and out of the five, all were Davis’ professional world champions.

1984 – A former corporal, Denis Lortie, stormed into the National Assembly of Quebec building and opened fire with several weapons, wounding 13 employees and killing three.

1989 – A 9-hour geomagnetic storm causes blackouts in New York City in March.

On December 6, the Montreal massacre took place at the École Polytechnique de Montréal. Marc Lepine shot 28 people, killing himself in the end.

1990 – From July 11 to September 26, there is a conflict between the Mohawk people and the city of Oka. Read more here.

1992 – On August 8, in the middle of Guns N ‘Roses and Metallica’s tour of Montreal, Metallica’s lead singer, James Hetfield, was badly burned on stage, forcing them to stop the show. After a long pause, GnR came on, but due to technical problems, the band could not hear themselves, and Axl Rose, the lead singer of the band, claimed he had trouble singing, and therefore they ended the show after barely an hour. The cancellation of both bands started riots reminiscent of the one that GnR had started a year earlier in St. Louis. louis, MS. This time, however, it went out over the streets of the city, where the troublemakers turned cars upside down, smashed windows, robbed the shops and set fires. Footage from this can be seen in Metallica’s A Year and a Half in the Life of Metallica. Read more about their tour here.

1996 – On June 25, at least two police officers were injured and 80 people were arrested after 2,000 partygoers rioted in central Quebec City on St. Jean Baptiste Day.

1998 – An ice storm hits Montreal, southwestern Quebec, destroying power lines and transmission towers. A “triangle of darkness” left Montreal without power for three weeks.

2011 – Over 3,000 homes are destroyed by flooding from Lake Champlain and the Richelieu River, the worst flood in 150 years.

2012 – Tens of thousands of students protest against government plans to raise tuition fees.

Québec, Canada History