Prince Edward Island, Canada History

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Prince Edward Island is Canada’s smallest province. The province is an island. Charlottetown is the capital.

Prince Edward Island has about 140,400 (2009) residents, and covers about 5,680 km².

TIMELINE:

1534 – Jacques Cartier, a French sailor, arrives on the island.

1603 – The island is named Ile Saint-Jean by Samuel de Champlain.

1720 – First uninterrupted French settlement established at Port La Joie.

1758 – The British take control of Ile Saint-Jean and deport the French.

1769 – After being established as a separate colony, Charlottentown becomes the capital.

1798 – Britain renames the colony Prince Edward Island.

1816 – A volcanic eruption in 19815 on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa lowers the temperature and casts dust into the atmosphere over large parts of North America and Europe resulting in less sunlight, colder weather and poorer harvest yields (” The year without summer “)

1868 – Best year for shipbuilding – 120 ships were launched from the island’s shipyards.

1880s – The shipbuilding industry collapses and thousands of residents migrate to find new work.

1908 – Automobiles are banned on the island’s roads. It was first opened for driving in 1917.

1950 – Alberta, BC, Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan, and PEI sign an agreement to build the Trans-Canada Highway. It was completed in 1971.

2009 – A fire in an underground station leaves 55,000 without power.

ONTARIO

According to topb2bwebsites, Ontario is a Canadian province. It is located in central Canada. Important cities include the capital Toronto, Windsor, London and Ottawa.

Ontario has 11,874,400 residents and covers 1,076,395 km². The province is the one of the 10 provinces with the largest population.

TIMELINE:

1611 – Henry Hudson visits Hudson Bay.

1758 – Between 26-28. August the Battle of Fort Frontenac took place.

1847 – Canada is overrun by over 100,000 immigrants fleeing the ” Irish Potato Famine “, many suffering from typhus, resulting in 1,700 deaths.

1875 – Construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway begins at Fort William, Ontario.

1911 – Forest fire destroys all of South Porcipine, Ontario, killing 50 people.

1916 – Another forest fire kills 233 people in northern Ontario.

1955-56 – 17,000 General Motors workers strike in Ontario.

1934 – On May 28, the world’s first quintuplets are born just outside Callander, Ontario, near the city of Corbeil. The Dionne girls were born two months premature, but survived and were honored with the title ” Dionne Quintuplets’ Guardianship Act, 1935 ” and then became a major tourist attraction.

1976 – MOVIE: The ” Chicago Express ” was recorded primarily in Canada at the following locations: Calgary, Okotoks, Canadian Pacific Railway, Drumheller, Locust Hill and Union Station and in the United States at the following locations: Brea, Mojave Desert, Northwest Station – Madison & Canal Sts. Chicago, South Pasadena, Union Station Los Angeles.

1980 – On April 12, the cancer-stricken Terry Fox started the Marathon of Hope in St. Louis. John’s Newfoundland. His goal was to run across the country and along the way collect at least one dollar per. canadier. At first there was little media attention, but as Terry survived the dangerous roads, trucks that had nearly blown him into the ditch, hail as big as golf balls, the police who cut him off from using parts of the Trans-Canada Highway and not least problems with his artificial legs, his project began to impress the public. The interest of the media also began to awaken. When Terry Fox reached Ontario, had he become a Canadian hero figure. He died on June 28, 1981, one month before his 23rd birthday.

1982 – Acid rain kills fish in 147 Ontario lakes.

2003 – A power outage in Ontario, and 8 US states affected over 10 million. cnadiere and 40 mio. Americans.

2009 – A man survives a fall at Niagara Falls.

Prince Edward Island, Canada History