Nova Scotia, Canada History

NOVA SCOTIA

According to zipcodesexplorer, Nova Scotia is a Canadian province located in Eastern Canada on the Atlantic Ocean. Important cities include the capital Halifax and Sydney at Cape Breton.

Nova Scotia is Latin for “New Scotland” and is located north of New England (English for “New England”). Nova Scotia’s motto is: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit, Latin for “One defender, the other conquers”

Nova Scotia has approx. 940,000 residents, and covers 55,500 kmĀ².

TIMELINE:

1497 – John Cabot explores what is now Cape Breton.

1621 – The English name Acadia the current name, Nova Scotia.

1629 – The first documented settlement of Scots in America is in Nova Scotia. It was approved by the King of Scotland James VI and I and Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling. Read more here about Scottish colonization in America.

1713 – Nova Scotia becomes a British colony.

1769 – Prince Edward Island is established as an independent colony.

1775 – Hurricane Independence from South Carolina to Nova Scotia in September kills 4,170 people along the way.

1873 – SS Atlantic sinks near Peggy’s Point, killing 547 passengers. The catastrophe remained the worst in the North Atlantic until SS La Bourgogne on July 2, 1898, and the greatest catastrophe for the White Star Line before the loss of the Titanic in 1912, 39 years later.

1873 – A cyclone in Nova Scotia sinks over 1,000 ships, destroying bridges, quays, homes, churches, and killing 500 people.

1895-98 – Joshua Slocum, was the first man to sail alone around the globe. On November 14, 1909, he disappeared without a trace as he set sail for the West Indies on one of his usual winter voyages. It was not until 1924 that he was officially declared dead.

1907 – The first documented flight in Canada takes place in Baddeck, Nova Scotia. Alexander Graham Bell, who also lived in the city, was one of the designers for Silver Darts’ first flight on February 29th.

1917 – A clash with SS Imo sets off a fire that results in a powerful explosion from the ship SS Mont-Blanc, loaded with war ammunition, killing 1990 people and wounding 9,000 (the world’s largest man-made explosion).

1919 – On September 9, the HD-4, invented by Alexander Graham Bell, set a world record at 114km / h on the Bras d’Or Lakes.

1945 – HMCS Esquimalt was sunk by German submarine U-190 on April 16 in Chebucto Head. It became the last warship lost to the enemy in World War II.

1955 – The Canso Causeway between Nova Scotia and Cape Breton is completed.

1958 – The most serious disaster in the Springhill Mine, occurred on October 23 after an underground earthquake that destroyed the city and killed 74 people.

1977 – A 74 kg lobster was caught off Nova Scotia and entered the Guinness Book of Records.

2003 – Tropical Cyclone Juan arrives in Halifax in late September, killing seven people.

2004 – On October 14, Airlines Flight 1602 crashes after taking off from Halifax International Airport, killing 7 crew members.

2008 – A 400 million. dollars project was launched to clean up the port of Halifax.

2009 – A 19-year-old folk singer, Taylor Mitchell, walking on the Skyline Trail in Cape Breton Highlands National Park was attacked by two coyotes. She died that evening at the hospital from her injuries. Read more here.

YUKON

The Yukon is a northwestern Canadian territory on the Yukon River. The capital is called Whitehorse. The Yukon borders the U.S. state of Alaska to the west, British Columbia to the south, and the Northwest Territories to the east. The Yukon is especially known for the large gold find at the Klondike, which in 1896 led to large-scale immigration. The area is 482,515 square kilometers and the population per. 1990 about 26,000.

TIMELINE:

1896 – Gold is found near Bonanza Creek by George Carmack and two Native Americans, Skookum Jim and Dawson Charlie. Read more here.

1987-1898 – The Klondike gold rush attracted thousands of people who set up a tent city. The Yukon Territory was officially established and Dawson City became the capital in 1897. The gold rush ended the following year in 1899, after which thousands left the area.

1953 – The capital moves from Dawson City to Whitehorse.

1958 – Schwatka Lake is created by damming the Yukon River and building a hydroelectric power plant.

1970s – The world’s largest zinc and lead mine opens in Faro, and gold mining returns. Lorne Greene, famous for his role in Bonanza, lent his voice to a documentary about the city, called A New World in the Yukon.

1979 – Dempster Highway opens – the only year-round road in Canada that crosses the Arctic Circle.

2003 – The Yukon Act is updated and the name Yukon Territory is changed to Yukon.

2007 – Floods in the Southern Lakes area forced people to be evacuated.

2008 – Yukon’s statistics on criminal acts such as assault, sex crime, robbery and violent crime were some of the highest in the country and again in 2011.

Nova Scotia, Canada History