Maternity Medical Dictionary

Maternity Medical Dictionary

Risk for the pregnant and the baby caused by the marked hypertension. Eclampsia is the most dangerous phase of preeclampsia. It presents a clinical picture of seizures and coma which can result in death of the mother. It occurs in the first 24 hours from the onset of labor.

Maternity Medical Dictionary

ultrasounds

gynecologic tests to see the development of the fetus during pregnancy.There are simple ecofrafías that are performed using ultrasound and ultrasound 3D and 4D whose definition is higher. These scans allow you to see even the appearance of the baby, because they use the three-dimensional image.

Kegel exercises

Vaginal contraction exercises for pregnant women. The aim is to strengthen the pelvic muscles. It is based on contract and relax the pelvic floor muscle repeatedly. The ultimate goal is to prevent future urinary incontinence.

Pregnancy risk

Risk pregnancy is considered one whose evolution and characteristics increase the risks for mother and baby. They are risk pregnancies mothers the elderly, pregnant women with preeclampsia, preterm labor or multiple pregnancy among others.

Ectopic pregnancy

The extópico pregnancy occurs when the egg implants outside the uterus. It is also known as ectopic pregnancy. The egg, rather than implanted in the uterus, is implanted in the fallopian tube. It is a non-viable pregnancy and should be discontinued.

Multiple pregnancy

Pregnancy is two or more embryos because fertilization of an egg by two or more epermatozoides or fertilization of two or more eggs at the same time by different sperm. It is a controlled risk pregnancy special way from the beginning.

prolonged pregnancy

That is called late pregnancy that extends beyond week 42. At that time, the fetus is full term, but not always willing to go out. From that moment, pregnancy must be controlled, since the quality of the placenta begins to decrease and may be a risk factor for the baby. In addition, the baby can grow too, which is a future risk during childbirth.

Late pregnancy

It called late to mothers over 35 years pregnancy pregnancy. It is, according to medical terms, of ‘añosas’ pregnant. From this age, during pregnancy increase risks to both mother and baby. For these are considered high-risk pregnancies and greater control over them is exercised.

Embryo

It is called an embryo to the first phase of development of the fetus, since the egg is implanted in the uterus until the fetus develops. Approximately are the first 8 weeks of pregnancy.

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is one of the causes of female infertility. It is caused by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus (ovaries, intestines, bladder …). This benign disease affects the possibility of achieving pregnancy. Among its main symptoms they include painful and heavy periods.

Afterpains

They are pains in the belly of the woman that occur after childbirth.Actually it pains contractions are needed to help the uterus return to its pre-pregnancy naturally. Also they serve to shrink blood vessels that were opened at the site of the placenta. Rarely last more than a week.

Epidural

Anesthesia applied only in the lower body, from the waist down, in order to mitigate the pain of contractions and expulsive delivery. Applies a specialized anesthetist through a puncture in the lumbar area. It uses a very long and thick needle that seeps in an area of ​​the spine. In the open space a catheter to be managing and controlling anesthesia throughout labor is introduced.

Episiotomy

This is a surgical incision made at the time of second in the perineum pregnant to increase openness and facilitate the passage of the baby through the birth canal. The objective of this surgical practice is to avoid tears in the perineum of women. Episiotomy is performed by 80% of first births.

Sperms

responsible male cells to fertilize the female egg and thus participate in creating a new life. The fusion of sperm and egg will result in a zygote that will become the embryo and later fetus. Nine months later, the woman will give birth to a baby. The sperm carries a load of DNA on chromosomes 23, which together with the 23 chromosomes of the egg, will lead to the 46 that will form the new life.

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is caused by a lack of closure of the bony canal of the baby’s spine. This deficit occurs in the first 26 days of gestation. It produces malformations such as hydrocephalus, paralysis of limbs, hip luzación malformation feet …

Sterility

While infertility refers to the difficulties in achieving pregnancy, esterelidad is the inability to achieve a pregnancy. It can be female or male sterility. In the case of women, it can take for eggs or absence of hereditary or infectious diseases. In the case of men, no sperm or infectious diseases that affected their reproductive capacity.

Constipation

One of the annoyances of pregnant women, especially in the final CSTR of pregnancy is constipation or difficulty defecating. Constipation causes irritation and nervousness. Constipation is considered when pregnant fails to evacuate for more than two days. Among the main causes, the new position of bowel and uterus exerts pressure on it.

Stretch marks

Stretch marks are marks or lines whitish or purplish appearing skin, according to Digopaul.com a pregnancy dictionary site. They seem scars. They are produced by a weight change. So it is very normal that appear in pregnant and after delivery, at which time the skin looks ‘shrink’ to return to its previous size. They are all ssobre visible on chest, belly, buttocks or thighs.

Estrogens

Female sex hormones mainly produced in the ovaries. During pregnancy, the placenta also produces estrogen. This hormone affects the sexual appetite, endometrial, development of breasts and ovaries themselves. It plays an important role in the development seual and reproductive tract of women.

Expulsive

Stage of labor that defines the birth of the baby. It comes after the longest stage of labor, dilation. When the cervix has already reached 10 centimeters in diameter, the baby can go through the birth canal. Usually introduced head first, looking down.Once you get out head and shoulders, the body goes smoothly. There expulsive phase ends. In some women just it takes a few minutes. In other, it can be prolonged for at least one hour.

Exuded

The vaginal or rectal swab vaginal and is one of the most common gynecological tests among women. It serves to rule out vaginal infections. During pregnancy, performed at weeks 35 0 36. It involves taking a sample with a swab and subsequent analysis in a laboratory, which will determine the absence of bacteria in the vaginal flora (such as strep), as they could be dangerous to the baby during delivery.

 

 

luteal phase

It is the third phase of the menstrual cycle. It ends when ovulation begins and ends the day before the next menstrual period begins. The luteal phase lasts between 12 and 14 days and is characterized by the appearance in the ovary after the release of the egg, of a yellowish tissue that names the corpus luteum.

Fatigue

fatigue is one of the symptoms of pregnancy and accompany the pregnant especially in the first and third trimesters of pregnancy. It is due to extra demand for energy needed by the body so that the baby can develop increased production of blood so the baby will get the oxygen and nutrients needed.

Fertilization

conception or fertilization is the moment when the egg is fertilized by a sperm. From that moment the egg cell (zygote) will be transformed and begins its journey to the uterus where it will be developed over 40 weeks of gestation.

In vitro fertilization

also known as IVF is an assisted reproduction technique to achieve pregnancy is not achieved by natural means. It involves removal of a woman’s eggs and man’s sperm to achieve fertilization outside the human body. The technique is carried out in a laboratory.

Fetus

It is called the future baby born after 40 weeks gestation. The fertilized egg, called a zygote, embryo renamed, from the 10th week of pregnancy become a fetus.During this phase the baby will grow and matures

Forceps

It is an instrument used during labor when the baby does not descend through the birth canal, the mother can no longer push or when the baby is misplaced.This is a spatulas with the appearance of two spoons with X-shaped standing over the baby’s head to extract during childbirth.

 

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