Jamaica. The new Prime Minister Portia Simpson-Miller of the People’s National Party (PNP), who had been elected in December 2011, was installed in January and presented his government. In her installation speech, she said she intended to transform Jamaica into a republic, and thus the country would no longer have the British regent as its head of state. The announcement came ahead of the 50th anniversary of Britain’s independence that Jamaica celebrated in 2012.
After the parliamentary elections, the Social Democratic PNP had received 41 of the 63 seats in the House of Representatives. But after a recalculation in early January, the Election Authority announced that the Deputy Opposition Leader of the right-wing Jamaica Labor Party (JLP), Christopher Tufton, had lost his seat in the House of Commons and that in fact that seat would go to a PNP member. As a result, the ruling PNP received 42 seats.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Provides most commonly used acronyms and abbreviations for Jamaica. Also includes location map, major cities, and country overview.
In February, the police launched a campaign to destroy illegal weapons and ammunition that the police had seized. 2,000 illegal weapons were smashed into an oven and about half a ton of ammunition was destroyed, all under police supervision and government and UN representatives. The measures were an attempt to reduce arms smuggling and violent crimes in the country. Old weapons from the police, military and security guards at the country’s prisons were also destroyed to prevent them from getting into the hands of criminals. Gun crimes are very common in Jamaica and criminal gangs are often just as well-armed as the security forces. During the campaign, many more weapons would be destroyed.
Jamaican drug king Christopher “Dudus” Coke was sentenced in June to 23 years in prison by a federal court in the United States, where he had been extradited in 2010. Coke had been the leader of the criminal gang “Shower Posse”, which smuggled drugs around the world. He was also said to have had close contacts with high-ranking politicians in Jamaica.
According to countryaah, the population of Jamaica in 2012 was 2,890,910, ranking number 140 in the world. The population growth rate was 0.570% yearly, and the population density was 266.9456 people per km2.