The Aztecs immigrated to Mexico in the 11th century and created a great empire through military conquests and diplomatic skill. The conquered areas were occupied by the military and made tribute payments.
The capital Tenochtitlán, probably founded around 1370, was magnificently expanded with temple pyramids, palaces, aqueducts, bridges and large squares. The basis of the Aztec economy was an elaborate cultivation of fields on artificially irrigated terraces and floating gardens.
The Aztecs had calendars, picture writing, paper, developed handicrafts and a state-organized general school system, which was strictly divided between the upper and lower classes. Barbaric sacrificial rituals are also known from the Aztecs, in which thousands of people were torn out alive every year in order to favor Huitzilopochtli, the god of sun and war. At the inauguration of the new main pyramid of Tenochtitlan in 1487 alone, 20,000 people, mostly members of subjugated tribes, are said to have been sacrificed. Cortéz conquered the Aztec Empire between 1519 and 1521 with the help of the tribes subjugated by the Aztecs; Tenochtitlán was destroyed. For more information about the continent of South America, please check philosophynearby.com.