India has not experienced quite as remarkable economic growth as China, but is still one of the most rapidly expanding economies on earth. With its very young population, the country is currently experiencing the highest population growth in the world. This trend is unlikely to weaken in the next few years. The reason for this is not the high birth rate – which is the world average at 20 births per 1000 residents – but a significantly increased life expectancy and a very young population, i.e. a large potential generation of parents.
Internal migration from the provinces to the urban conurbations leads to serious social problems because it is mostly uncontrolled. Many millions of people in this part of Asia live in wild slums without hygienic standards, medical care, education or employment opportunities. There are now over 270 million migrant workers in China, who make up more than a third of the workforce. In many countries in South and Southeast Asia, a significant proportion of the population still suffers from absolute poverty (less than US $ 1 a day) and chronic malnutrition. For more information about the continent of Asia, please check philosophynearby.com.