The African languages have been divided into four groups since the early 1950s. In total, there are likely to be over 2000 African languages with their various dialects. There are languages such as Afro-Asian Arabic, which is spoken by many millions of speakers, and other languages, such as N | uu, which is spoken in South Africa, with fewer than ten speakers. Many of the tribal languages spoken by only a few hundred speakers are on the verge of extinction.
The first language family is that of the Afro-Asian languages. This includes around 350 languages with just as many speakers. These languages are spoken mainly in northern Africa and in neighboring Asia. This includes mainly Arabic, which belongs to the Semitic language family and is related, among other things, to Hebrew and the various Berber languages. The cushy table is also part of it. A widespread language family in Northeast Africa. Smaller language groups are Omotic and Chadian, which are spoken by a few million speakers.
The Niger-Congo group is the important next language family in Africa. With around 1400 languages, it is the most species-rich. There are also several thousand different dialects. These languages are spoken by over 400 million speakers in West, South, East and Central Africa. Almost 50% of the African population speaks one of the Niger-Congo languages. Many of the people living in this area of Africa learn one of these languages as a lingua franca, similar to English on an international level, in order to be able to come into contact with other tribes. Important languages are Swahili, spoken in East Africa, and Yoruba, which is native to Nigeria.
Nilo-Saharan with around 200 languages and around 35 million speakers is a smaller language family in Africa. These languages are spoken in Algeria in North Africa, Nigeria and Sudan in the northwest and southern Africa, among others. Larger languages are Luo, Kanuri and Dinka. However, all of these languages are only spoken by a few million people.
The smallest African language group is likely to be the Khoisan languages. However, this is not a language family, i.e. languages that are closely related to one another, but are a kind of collective term for languages that contain clicks. These comprise just under 30 languages and are spoken by just under half a million people. These languages are mainly spoken in southern Africa. These languages are likely to be particularly difficult to learn for Europeans, as there are no clicks, for example in German. For more information about the continent of Africa, please check philosophynearby.com.