Burundi. International donors promised in October to give Burundi more than US $ 2 billion over the next four years, twice as much as the United Nations Development Program UNDP had hoped. In connection with the donor conference in Geneva, President Pierre Nkurunziza declared that the country had become more stable.
Human rights organization Human Rights Watch urged donors to continue pushing Burundi to stop politically motivated murders and other abuses, even though the violence has been suppressed compared to 2011. Few suspects have been held accountable. Threats continued against individual organizations, the opposition and journalists.
One notable case concerned the radio journalist Hassan Ruvakuki, who in June was sentenced to life imprisonment for terrorist offenses. Ruvakuki had visited Tanzania at the end of 2011 and interviewed members of an armed Burundi opposition group that carried out an attack in eastern Burundi. At the same trial, 13 other people were sentenced to life, while nine were sentenced to 15 years in prison.
- AbbreviationFinder.org: Provides most commonly used acronyms and abbreviations for Burundi. Also includes location map, major cities, and country overview.
More than 30,000 Burundians were expected to return by the end of the year, as they would lose their refugee status in neighboring Tanzania. The UNHCR promised to assist them.
The leader of the opposition party MSD (Movement for Security and Democracy) was arrested in Tanzania at the beginning of the year. However, Alexis Sinduhije was released after a week. He went into exile in connection with the disputed elections in 2010. Burundi accuses him of participating in a murder. Critics claim it is an attempt to silence the opposition.
Burundian soldiers participated in the African Union Peace Force in Somalia, AMISOM. Former President Pierre Buyoya was appointed to the African Union Special Envoy in Mali and the Sahel.
According to countryaah, the population of Burundi in 2012 was 10,159,919, ranking number 88 in the world. The population growth rate was 3.210% yearly, and the population density was 395.6398 people per km2.