Before Pregnancy: What Medical Tests?

End your pregnancy takes place without risk or prevention, it is important to perform some medical examinations in advance.

The pre-conceptual review

It is done to your GP who will check certain criteria so that your pregnancy takes place in the best conditions.
The main screenings :

  • Diabetesscreening.
  • Diagnosis of thyroid problems.
  • High blood pressure.

Serology :

  • Rubella

If you are not immune to rubella, there are many risks to the fetus: malformation of organs, deafness, mental retardation… The doctor will prescribe so a vaccine, following which it is preferable to wait 2 months before pregnancy.

  • The hepatitis B

The risk of transmission to the child is high, around 90%, and can cause a prematurity. You can get vaccinated during your pregnancy.

  • The HIV

Before pregnancy, a screening is strongly recommended for you and dad. The AIDS virus can be transmitted during pregnancy, at childbirth or during breastfeeding. If it turns out that the result is positive, we can reduce the risk of transmission by appropriate treatment and the use of a caesarean section, where the importance of prior screening.

Vaccines during pregnancy:

  • Tetanus, polio, diphtheria (DTP vaccine).
  • The flu.
  • Hepatitis A and C.

Vaccinations prohibited during pregnancy:

  • Measles, mumps and rubella.
  • Tuberculosis (BCG).
  • The oral polio vaccine.
  • Yellow fever.
  • Toxoplasmosis

This parasitic disease is benign when it is contracted outside of pregnancy. Your doctor will warn you if you are not immuniseeou. If you’re not immune to toxoplasmosis, some health and life there are rules:

  • Allow blood tests every month.
  • Watch out for foods that have been in contact with the Earth potentially contaminated by feces of cats.
  • Carefully wash fruits and vegetables raw and cook them preferably.
  • Consume very cooked meat.
  • Attention to hygiene of hands.

Detection of these diseases is done by simple blood test.

Tailored advice

Your doctor can give you a few tips:

  • risks related to the alcoholand tobacco.
  • risk of deficiencies advising you infolate rich food among others: fruits, green vegetables (spinach, asparagus, carrots, green cabbage), offal (liver), milk, fermented cheeses.

Listeria and salmonella: caution

These are infectious diseases that can lead to intrauterine or cervical infections which would result in a spontaneous abortion. To avoid any risk of contamination, avoid:

  • Raw eggs,
  • soft cheese (feta, camembert, brie),
  • charcuterie,
  • meat and fish raw or little cooked.
  • It is important to frequently disinfect the kitchen and utensils.

 

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