The Chinese wall winds like a solar dragon through the landscape. In Bali, bathers enjoy life on the snow-white sandy beaches. In the Siberian forests, bears wander between the taiga’s distorted birches. And in India, women in jewel-colored saris and stressed rickshaw drivers with sacred cows compete for the cramped space on the streets…
Surface: 45 million km²
Population: 4 Billion
Largest countries by population
- China – 1.3 billion
- India – $ 1.2 billion
- Indonesia – 258 million
- Pakistan – 202 million
- Bangladesh – 156 million
Geography and wildlife in Asia
Asia, by virtue of its enormous size, is almost impossible to describe. The continent extends from the Arctic Arctic Ocean in the north to the small Indonesian tropical islands in the south, and from the Muslim Middle East to the countries in the far east, whose population profess to Hinduism or Buddhism. In Asia, the world’s highest mountain range, the Himalayas, is the world’s rainiest in the vast deserts of Mongolia and Siberia, as well as dense, tropical rainforests in Indonesia and Malaysia. The wildlife follows the varied landscapes and can exhibit everything from reindeer, wolves and wild horses in the polar areas to tigers, elephants and peacocks in the tropical belt.
Asia is conventionally separated from Europe by the Ural and Caucasus mountain ranges and from Africa by the lowland in which the Suez Canal is located. Of the aforementioned boundaries, only the Caucasus has been a natural barrier to the free migration and migration of plants, animals and humans. Thus, there are smooth transitions between the two continents of the Eurasian continent, Europe and Asia; nor has the importance of the Ural border been political. To Asia is also considered the Indonesian capital; thus calculated, the area of Asia is approx. 44 million km 2, or almost 1/3 of the Earth’s land area.
Asia without the former Soviet Union is now often shared in West, South, Southeast and East Asia; previously, a regional division was characterized by European, Eurocentric, viewpoint. West Asia includes what used to be called the Near East (the countries south of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea). South Asia is similar to India (Pakistan, India). SOUTH ASIA is Bagindia and Indonesia, and finally East Asia is roughly similar to the Far East (China, North and South Korea and Japan), but includes the Philippines. The old regionalization also separated Central Asia, comprising the expansive highlands in the interior of the continent; they are now counted under China, ie. East Asia. Parts of the former USSR are now most often attributed to Central Asia (including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan); the northern part is Russian and is called Siberia.
The population of Asia
Based on study done by countryaah, large areas of Asia, such as the desert of Saudi Arabia and the Russian tundra, are almost completely uninhabited, while other Asian areas are among the world’s most densely populated. This is especially true where monsoon rains and large rivers such as the Yangtze River, the Mekong River and the Yellow River (Huanghe) provide fertile lands. Otherwise, it is the cities that are most successful in attracting the Asian population. Especially in cities such as Chinese Chongqing and Karachi in Pakistan, the population has increased avalanche in recent years. Asia’s total population has long passed four billion.
|Country||Proportion of HIV-infected adults (15–49 years) (per cent)||Proportion of HIV-infected young women (15–24 years) (percent)||Proportion of HIV-infected young men (15–24 years) (per cent)|
|Afghanistan||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Burma||0.7 (2019)||0.3 (2019)||0.3 (2019)|
|Philippines||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.2 (2019)|
|United Arab Emirates||–||–||–|
|Iran||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Yemen||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Cambodia||0.5 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Kazakhstan||0.3 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Kyrgyzstan||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Laos||0.3 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Lebanon||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Malaysia||0.4 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.3 (2019)|
|Mongolia||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Nepal||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Oman||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Pakistan||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Singapore||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Sri Lanka||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Syria||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Tajikistan||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Thailand||1.0 (2019)||0.2 (2019)||0.3 (2019)|
|Uzbekistan||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|Vietnam||0.3 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
|East Timor||0.2 (2019)||0.1 (2019)||0.1 (2019)|
The history of Asia
Many Asian countries are ancient colonies. Exotic merchandise attracted Europeans, and when Vasco da Gama found the sea route to India’s seductive spices, the colonization quickly gained momentum. Some Asian countries remained independent, but still did not escape a strong European influence. Something China experienced especially during the opium wars.
Attractions in Asia
Opium and spices are no longer enticing, but Asia is still a popular destination among resourceful travelers. The opportunities for a fantastic holiday are almost inexhaustible on the vast continent. Cultural gems such as Forbidden City in the heart of Beijing, Angkor Wat Temple in the Cambodian jungle or Indian Taj Mahal in shiny white marble are attractive attractions. The adventures of adventure can also be satisfied on Indonesian volcanoes, Tibetan hiking trails or in smoky surroundings from bonfires on the Ganges River in the Hindu holy city of Varanasi. Northern Asia can be experienced through a train window on the Trans-Siberian railroad, and the Middle East’s ingenuity to attract dollars and euros can be considered in luxury Dubai.
The development of health, education and justice, etc. usually follows economic development just like trade and the money system. As an example, the recent development of the Japanese monetary system can be cited in recent years as a result of the industry’s success. Japanese banks now play a leading role in the world’s financial system.
The development of the transport system has also been of great importance. The improvements have thus reduced the disadvantages of import and export that the distance to the largest raw material suppliers and markets offers to the new industrialized countries in East Asia. With modern tankers, for example, oil from the Persian Gulf delivered to ports in East Asia, Europe and North America costs almost the same; the influence of transport costs on the liter price is very small with super tankers. Japan’s shortage of raw materials is no longer a handicap in competition. Other parts of the transport system have also been subject to strong development, for example in the construction of roads, airports, the Japanese Toka subway and Russia’s Trans-Siberian Railway. A well-developed, modern, partly satellite-based communication network has been established, enabling information at almost the same time in all economically leading countries.