Tanzania. During the year, the British defense industry
group BAE Systems agreed to contribute to Tanzania's
education system as a form of damages for corruption in the
arms trade. According to
countryaah, BAE would pay the equivalent of over SEK 300
million following a settlement with the country's
anti-corruption authority. The money would be used for
textbooks in 16,000 elementary schools, and the country's
175,000 teachers would receive books with teacher guidance.
The settlement was described as the first of its kind.
In March it was announced that Statoil and ExxonMobil had
made a large natural gas discovery off the coast of
Tanzania, the largest to date in the Tanzanian area. The
Zafarani field is close to the border with Mozambique.
According to Statoil, the field was the largest gas
discovery the company made outside Norway.
Following intense pressure from the opposition, President
Jakaya Kikwete in May decided to dismiss six ministers
suspected of corruption. According to a state audit report,
there had been misuse of public funds in at least seven
government departments. The dismissed ministers were
responsible for important areas: finance, energy, tourism,
trade, transport and health care.
In April, around 30,000 people attended the funeral of
Tanzania's most popular movie actor, Steven Kanumba. The
28-year-old Kanumba, who died suddenly, was beloved for his
roles in soap operas and films that were shown in many
A severe disaster occurred in July when a passenger ferry
on the way from Dar es-Salaam sank in bad weather outside
Zanzibar. At least 144 people were killed. 145 people could
be rescued, but it was unclear how many had been on board.
In October, 126 people were arrested since outraged
Muslims vandalized Christian churches in Dar es Salaam. Five
churches had been set on fire for information that a
Christian boy was kissing on a Koranic book. President
Kikwete called for calm, warning that Tanzania's long
history of religious tolerance was threatened. Police
arrested a controversial Muslim preacher and accused him of
During the year, the government decided to revoke the
refugee status of the more than 36,000 Burundians who
remained in the last refugee camp in Tanzania since the
civil war and the genocide in Burundi in the 1990s. Soldiers
were posted around the Kigoma camp that would be closed at
the end of the year, when the Burundians would be rejected.
An old border dispute between Tanzania and Malawi was
revived during the year when the Malawian government
licensed a British company to look for oil in the
northeastern part of Lake Malawi. In August, the presidents
of both countries met to discuss the conflict. It was agreed
to stop oil exploration in the disputed area while
negotiations were underway. If the dispute was not resolved
it would be taken to international arbitration.
Tanzania's economy continued to grow at an estimated GDP
growth of about 7% during the year. Abundant rains produced
good harvests and increased agricultural production, and
gold and diamond production increased sharply at the
beginning of the year compared to the same period the year