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Yearbook 2012

Mozambique. In March, police raided the former RENAMO rebel camps in Nampula in the north, where leader Afonso Dhlakama was arrested following a fire that claimed the deaths. According to countryaah, Dhlakama was placed under house arrest. It was the first time the police and the exbells had been fighting since the end of the civil war two decades earlier.

2012 Mozambique

In April, Portugal agreed to sell its remaining stake in the huge power plant dam Cabora Bassa. This set the point for a protracted dispute between Mozambique and the former colonial power. The Portuguese built the dam and maintained control over it after Mozambique's independence, but in 2007 Portugal gave up most of its ownership. An agreement has now been signed that the entire dam will be owned by Mozambique from 2014. The dam in the Zambezi River produces electricity for Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe.

Mozambique's economy was expected to grow by over 7% in 2012, one of the best numbers in the world. At the same time, the former colonial power of Portugal was in deep recession, and Portuguese companies were keen to do business in economically growing Mozambique. Because of the crisis, tens of thousands of Portuguese also left their country, and many went to Mozambique to seek livelihood.

The capital of Maputo port during the year became the focus of interest from large companies exporting coal from South Africa. Transports that had previously departed from South African ports were being diverted to Maputo, where extensive refurbishment was underway.

The Swedish aid agency Sida suspended its cooperation with the provincial government in Niassa in Mozambique during the year due to corruption in the aid. Sida demanded a return of more than SEK 3 million.

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