Mozambique. In March, police raided the former RENAMO
rebel camps in Nampula in the north, where leader Afonso
Dhlakama was arrested following a fire that claimed the
deaths. According to
countryaah, Dhlakama was placed under house arrest. It was the
first time the police and the exbells had been fighting
since the end of the civil war two decades earlier.
In April, Portugal agreed to sell its remaining stake in
the huge power plant dam Cabora Bassa. This set the point
for a protracted dispute between Mozambique and the former
colonial power. The Portuguese built the dam and maintained
control over it after Mozambique's independence, but in 2007
Portugal gave up most of its ownership. An agreement has now
been signed that the entire dam will be owned by Mozambique
from 2014. The dam in the Zambezi River produces electricity
for Mozambique, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique's economy was expected to grow by over 7% in
2012, one of the best numbers in the world. At the same
time, the former colonial power of Portugal was in deep
recession, and Portuguese companies were keen to do business
in economically growing Mozambique. Because of the crisis,
tens of thousands of Portuguese also left their country, and
many went to Mozambique to seek livelihood.
The capital of Maputo port during the year became the
focus of interest from large companies exporting coal from
South Africa. Transports that had previously departed from
South African ports were being diverted to Maputo, where
extensive refurbishment was underway.
The Swedish aid agency Sida suspended its cooperation
with the provincial government in Niassa in Mozambique
during the year due to corruption in the aid. Sida demanded
a return of more than SEK 3 million.