Moldova. According to
countryaah, Parliament decided in March on the chemical
castration of pedophiles after many Moldavians experienced
that the country has become a tourist destination for sex
offenders from the outside. The new law made it mandatory
with chemical castration for anyone convicted of sexual
abuse of children under 15. Even those convicted of rape are
threatened by castration, which is decided on a case-by-case
basis. Amnesty International in Moldova condemned the
decision on chemical castration as a violation of privacy
and a violation of human rights.
In March, Moldova's parliament made a fresh attempt to
elect a regular president. The country had lacked one since
2009 because Parliament failed to create a sufficient
majority, 61 out of 101 votes, to elect a new president.
The EU-friendly government alliance now proposed Judge
Nicolae Timofti as a candidate. Timofti received 62 votes
and thus became Moldova's president after three years of
death. Timofti, who was described as an independent lawyer,
explained that the country needs a national idea that can
unite the fragmented society, namely European integration.
The Opposition Communist Party boycotted the vote, but
three members who left the party voted for Timofti. He was
also supported by an independent member, in addition to the
votes of the government alliance. Tens of thousands of
supporters of the Communist Party demonstrated against the
election of Timofti.
In July, Parliament voted for a condemnation of the
former Communist dictatorship in Moldova, and at the same
time the use of Communist symbols for political purposes was
banned. The Communist Party described the decision as an
"anti-opposition law", and party leader Vladimir Voronin
explained that it was not intended to give up the symbol
with the hammer and the cutting. The party appealed the
decision to the Supreme Court.
The law came into force during the fall, but the party
continued to use the symbol. The Election Commission then
refused to register the party's candidates for the local
elections in November.
In September, Moldova was faced with an ultimatum from
Moscow to choose between continued purchase of cheap Russian
gas or to implement EU liberalization of the energy market.
Moldova, which is keen to be the EU in law, planned to adopt
the Union's so-called third energy package, which would mean
Gazprom lost ownership control over gas pipelines through
At the same time, Moldova was in dire need of maintaining
its gas prices, which were the lowest in Europe. As perhaps
the poorest nation in Europe, the Moldavians had an average
monthly salary of about SEK 1,800.
When Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Moldovan
Prime Minister Vlad Filat, Putin sought to attract proposals
for support to the Moldovan economy through investment and
through an expanded Russian market for Moldovan wines. But
the issue of gas prices was postponed.
In November, the new Moldovan president took open strife
with the Russian Federation and said no to a Russian
consulate proposal in the Russian-backed Transnistrian
Republic. President Timofti declared that Moldova would not
accept any consulate until the Russian army (over 2,000 men)
was withdrawn from Transnistria and the conflict over the
region's status had been resolved.
Timofti's no came when Russian Deputy Prime Minister
Dmitry Rogozin visited Moldova and urged the country to
withdraw from the EU's third energy package. Timofti said
that Moldova cannot guarantee the security of any consulate
because the authorities have no control over Transnistria,
where a separatist regime operates and where there is a
foreign state's army - the Russian Federation.