countryaah, the country's largest opposition party Kadima,
also the largest party in the Knesset parliament, joined the
Conservative government coalition under Benjamin Netanyahu
in May. With 94 of Knesset's 120 mandates, the government
became the most powerful the country has ever had. But
already in July, the Kadima government left after
disagreements over whether students at Orthodox Jewish
schools would be covered by the general military duty.
Another question for the government was the settlers.
Military and police on several occasions evicted settlers
from houses in Palestinian territory on the grounds that
they were erected without permission. The issue created
tension in the government, where a couple of parties on the
far right were represented, with the result that at the same
time the evictions, other settlements were legally declared.
Netanyahu announced a new election to the Knesset in
October 2013 after he failed to gather support in Parliament
for the tight budget. The protests against the government's
austerity policy that started in 2011 continued on a smaller
The area on the southern border of Israel was troubled.
Disputes broke out in November with Islamist Hamas and its
allies in the Gaza Strip. Israeli air defense The Iron Dome
was mobilized but three civilian Israelis were killed and at
least one missile from Gaza landed as far north as just
outside Tel Aviv. In Gaza, a large number of civilians,
including children, were killed by Israeli shelling.
Since the fall of the Egyptian regime under Hosni
Mubarak, militant groups had also been given greater leeway
in Sinai on the Egyptian side of the border. Several people,
both civilians and soldiers as well as militiamen, were
killed during the year. On August 5, 16 Egyptian border
guards were killed in an attack.
In October, Israel shot down an unmanned and unmanned
reconnaissance plan, a so-called drone, near a nuclear
reactor in the southern part of the country. The Shiite
Muslim Hizbullah movement in Lebanon is said to have sent up
the plane, which was manufactured in Iran.
In January, Knesset legislated that undocumented
immigrants could be detained indefinitely without trial.
Israelis who help the paperless could also be punished much
harder than before. The human rights organization Amnesty
International criticized the law. In the Negev Desert at the
border with Egypt, Israel built a refugee refuge with room
for 8,000 people. It happened that refugees from Eritrea,
Sudan and other countries in Africa got stuck at the border
and the UN Refugee Commission criticized Israel in September
for not allowing them to enter and seek asylum. At least
50,000 paperless immigrants were estimated to be in Israel.
Israeli targets abroad were subjected to several acts of
terrorism, the worst against a tourist bus in the city of
Burgas, Bulgaria, July 18, when five Israeli tourists were
killed and about 30 injured. Israel suspected that Iran or
its allies in Hizbullah were behind the attacks.
The conflict with Iran escalated and several Israeli
government officials threatened in the spring with an attack
on Iranian nuclear fission facilities.
Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Avigdor
Lieberman resigned in December after he was indicted for
trespassing against the chief. He gave up his parliamentary
immunity to stand trial.
Israel's war on Lebanon was first and foremost a war on the civilian
population and thus a violation of the 4th Geneva Convention, which deals with
the protection of the civilian population under warlike conditions. Israel thus
blames war crimes that did not differ from Hezbollah's attacks on civilians in
Israel - apart from the scope. Israel killed 40-50 times more civilians, and the
systematic destruction of Lebanon's infrastructure also made Israel responsible
for state terrorism.
Already on July 20, UN Human Rights Commissioner Louise Arbor criticized the
war and talked about possible war crimes in Lebanon, Israel and Gaza. She
Indiscriminate shelling of cities constitutes a foreseeable and unacceptable
targeting of civilians... Similarly, the bombardment of sites with alleged
military significance, but resulting invariably in the killing of innocent
civilians, is unjustifiable
The Human Rights Council adopted an opinion on August 11 that sharply
criticized Israel for its war crimes in Lebanon. Israel, however, is notorious
for facing all kinds of international criticism, whether it comes from the
International Court of Justice in The Hague, the UN or human rights
The United Nations and the International Red Cross were already rapidly
developing the situation in southern Lebanon after a week of war, on a
large-scale humanitarian disaster, when Israel bombed the infrastructure and
damaged all its vehicles. This included refugees, emergency convoys and
ambulances. International Red Cross reports of such Israeli attacks on
ambulances, one of which was hit by an Israeli precision missile in the middle
of the cross. A practice Israel has already used for several years in Gaza and
the West Bank.
In desperation that its land offensive in the south had stalled due to fierce
Lebanese resistance and continued massive Lebanese rocket attacks on Israel,
Israeli fighter planes attacked the Christian Quarter of Beirut on August 4,
destroying the last 5 bridges of Beirut, bringing relief efforts for stopping.
At the same time, the last bridges over the Litani River were bombed so that
relief organizations could no longer transport emergency aid into southern
Lebanon. In protest, relief organizations began to transport the relief aid
across the Litani River by hand. In the Bekaa Valley, Israeli bombers killed 23
country workers, and from southern Lebanon there were reports of 53 killed
civilians in two houses bombed by Israel. In revenge for Israeli terror,
Hezbollah sent over 200 rockets into northern and central Israel, 2 of which
reached as far south as Hadera, only 40 km from Tel Aviv. 3 civilians were
killed as a result of Hezbollah's terror.
Britain's President of the Lower House and former Foreign Minister Jack Straw
declared July 26: Israel's military actions "may further destabilize the already
fragile Lebanese nation". And further: “I mourn the many innocent Israelis who
were killed during the conflict. And I mourn the 10 times more Lebanese, men,
women and children who have been killed by the Israeli military. " He also
endorsed the British Foreign Minister's criticism of Israel for its fierce war
against the Lebanese civilian population.
The International Red Cross criticized after the ceasefire on August 14 that
the parties had failed to comply with the Geneva Conventions and had sufficient
regard for the civilian population. At the same time, Israel's attack on the
Lebanese Red Cross in particular was condemned. (ICRC: Lebanon / Israel:
civilians pay the price of conflict, Geneva August 14).
Human Rights Watch closely followed the war, criticizing both parties' war
crimes. On August 3, the human rights organization published the report Fatal
Strikes. Israel's Indiscriminate Attacks Against Civilians in Lebanon. On August
8, it called on the UN to launch an investigation into the killing of civilians
in Lebanon and northern Israel UN: Open Independent Inquiry into Civilian
Human Rights Watch reports and documents on war crimes in Lebanon and Israel.
Human Rights Watch's multimedia on war crimes.
At its extraordinary session on August 11, the United Nations Human Rights
Council condemned Israel's war crimes in Lebanon. (Council Strongly Condemns
Grave Israeli Violations of Human Rights in Lebanon).