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Yearbook 2012

Chad. A large part of the population was in need of food aid from outside because the harvesters failed due to drought and insect pests. In January, the UN announced that it was investing the equivalent of over SEK 40 million on food supplies to approximately 4.5 million people in Chad. Over 125,000 children suffered from acute malnutrition.

According to countryaah, UN Children's Fund UNICEF reported during the year that child mortality dropped significantly in the world in two decades, but Chad was one of the exceptions and was one of the countries where more children die today than 1990. According to the World Bank, Chad has the world's highest child mortality rate with 209 deaths in five years per 1,000 born (figures from 2009).

At the same time as the oil money regime carried out major new construction projects in the capital N'Djamena, more than half of the people lived below the poverty line. The situation was exacerbated by the large number of refugees from neighboring countries. Nine years after the civil war in Darfur, Sudan, tens of thousands of refugees were left in eastern Chad.

In July, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague ruled that Senegal must bring Chad's former President Hissène Habré to trial immediately or ensure that he is extradited to Belgium, who can prosecute for human rights violations wherever committed. Habré had been in house arrest in Senegal since 2005.

Senegal agreed with the African Union that a special court should be set up for a trial against Habré, who is considered responsible for the murder and torture of tens of thousands of people in 1982-90.

The Chadian military joined the Central African Republic at the end of the year after the neighboring country's president Francois Bozizé asked for help to defeat a rebel insurgency.

2012 Chad


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