Burundi. International donors promised in October to give
Burundi more than US $ 2 billion over the next four years,
twice as much as the United Nations Development Program UNDP
had hoped. In connection with the donor conference in
Geneva, President Pierre Nkurunziza declared that the
country had become more stable.
countryaah, human rights organization Human Rights Watch urged donors
to continue pushing Burundi to stop politically motivated
murders and other abuses, even though the violence has been
suppressed compared to 2011. Few suspects have been held
accountable. Threats continued against individual
organizations, the opposition and journalists.
One notable case concerned the radio journalist Hassan
Ruvakuki, who in June was sentenced to life imprisonment for
terrorist offenses. Ruvakuki had visited Tanzania at the end
of 2011 and interviewed members of an armed Burundi
opposition group that carried out an attack in eastern
Burundi. At the same trial, 13 other people were sentenced
to life, while nine were sentenced to 15 years in prison.
More than 30,000 Burundians were expected to return by
the end of the year, as they would lose their refugee status
in neighboring Tanzania. The UNHCR promised to assist them.
The leader of the opposition party MSD (Movement for
Security and Democracy) was arrested in Tanzania at the
beginning of the year. However, Alexis Sinduhije was
released after a week. He went into exile in connection with
the disputed elections in 2010. Burundi accuses him of
participating in a murder. Critics claim it is an attempt to
silence the opposition.
Burundian soldiers participated in the African Union
Peace Force in Somalia, AMISOM. Former President Pierre
Buyoya was appointed to the African Union Special Envoy in
Mali and the Sahel.