Brazil. According to
countryaah, the October 17 and 28 municipal elections were a
great success for the ruling Labor Party (PT's) candidates.
PT holds the mayor post in 636 municipalities, a
considerable increase from 554, and won among other things.
the mayor's post in São Paulo. PT's coalition partners and
the country's largest party, the Brazilian Democratic
Movement Party (PMDB), still dominate at the municipal level
with 1,098 municipalities and govern, among other things. in
Rio de Janeiro, but the total population in municipalities
governed by PT is larger, nearly 37 million. However,
several small parties simultaneously strengthened their
positions, notably the Socialist Party (PSB), which won over
PT in five state capitals, including. the important Recife,
Belo Horizonte and Fortaleza. Otherwise, PT controls only
the smaller capitals of the states of Paraíba, Acre and
On November 6, Congress voted for royalties from the
newly discovered oil sources off the coast of Rio de Janeiro
to be distributed equally among all of the state's states.
The decision led to widespread protests in Rio at the end of
the month, thus losing large incomes, which it was hoped,
above all, to use to finance part of the costs of the 2014
Soccer World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games.
In November, the judges arrived in the judicial process,
the so-called mensalau scandal in 2005, where a number of
high-ranking politicians within the PT party received bribes
in exchange for favorable political decisions. José Genoino,
the then party secretary, was sentenced to nearly seven
years in prison and President Lula da Silva's closest man
and the scandal's leading author José Dirceu was sentenced
to nearly eleven years in prison. The party itself, just as
several times before, claimed that the whole process and the
Supreme Court's judgments have political purposes.
Salvador, the capital of the state of Bahia, was hit by a
crime wave just before the carnival in February, when a
third of the state's police force went on strike for higher
wages. The number of murders doubled overnight, and
businesses were forced to close due to looting and vandalism
before the strike was canceled.
In September, Eduardo Cunha was excluded by the Lower
House by 450 votes to 10. As President of Parliament, it was
Cunha who led the coup d'état against Roussef in the spring.
Now he was thrown out, charged with perjury, corruption and
obstruction of justice. At the same time, he was prohibited
from carrying on a political office for the next eight
years. After the vote, Cunha said: "This is the price I pay
for having liberated the country from PT. They let me pay
for leading the court case (against Roussef)... tomorrow it
will be you. ” He had built up his power by mapping the
secrets of his fellow politicians, which he actively used to
blackmail them. No one loved him, everyone feared him. Now
he threatened to write a book to reveal his knowledge of the
secrets. (Brazilian politician who led Rousseff impeachment
is expelled from office, Guardian 13/9 2016).
The coup d'état against Roussef was the third serious
setback in Latin America in 1/2 year. In Argentina, the
right wing won the presidential elections in November 2015,
and in Venezuela they won the parliamentary elections that
same month. Since the 1990's, the United States has been
rolling its democracies in Latin America. For the left, it
was a reminder that even 54 million. Brazilian voices (and
thus democracy) have no significance when the bourgeoisie's
total control over media and capital is intact.
In November, Minister of Culture Marcelo Calero resigned.
The reason was that President Temer put pressure on him
because a peace case stretched legs for a construction
project government secretary Geddel Vieira Lima was
residents Lima was forced to resign a few days later.
In December, Marcelo Odebrecht admitted that he had paid
bribes to Temer.
Also in December, the Inter-American Court of Human
Rights ruled against the Brazilian state for tolerating
slavery and human trafficking. This was based on the way
land workers are treated in the northern state of Pará.
Violence increased rapidly throughout the country during
2016. It cost women, children, human rights activists,
journalists, indigenous peoples, rural workers and
professionally active lives. The country's prisons were
crowded at the same time. In October, a prison riot broke
out in the state of Roraima. Ten men were beheaded or burned
alive in their cells.
In April 2017, the police stormed the parliament in
Brasilia in protest of the government's planned reform of
pension legislation. The reform would mean that the
retirement age for civil servants would be increased from 54
years to 65. The attacking police officers were beaten by
Parliament's own security forces, but subsequently the
government agreed to raise the retirement age only to 60
years for selected groups: women, teachers, land workers and
police officers. Police unions criticized the government for
failing to take into account the dangerous working
conditions of the police.
New riots broke out in May when the daily O Globo
published printouts of secret talks between dictator Michel
Temer and the owner of the country's largest meat package
JBS on bribery money. For several days, the people
demonstrated in front of the parliament in Brasilia until
the dictator directed the federal police against the
protesters. However, even in the dictator's own party, the
unrest rumbled. A few weeks later, the nation's top
electoral council voted 4 against 3 Temer and Dllma Rouessef
for illegal electoral funding in 2014, but just a few weeks
later state prosecutor Rodrigo Junot filed charges against
Temer for accepting bribes. The case was due before the
Supreme Court. (Brazil police storm Congress over proposal
to raise retirement age, Guardian 19/4 2017)
In June, Temer was charged by state prosecutor Rodrigo
Janot for receiving bribes. The charges were brought to the
federal Supreme Court. At the same time, federal police
recommended Temer be charged with obstructing court
proceedings. Through his Justice Department, Temer had tried
in vain to replace the leadership of the federal police, but
instead removed appropriations, so the unit had to suspend
its investigation of government corruption. Temer had
already replaced his Minister of Justice twice in 2017. In
the latter half of June, the dictator's popularity reached
2%. Never before had a head of state been so unpopular in
the country. However, Temer's corrupt right-wing friends in
parliament still backed him up.
In order to make room for lumber companies, Temer
abolished in August the conservation clause for an area in
the Amazon in the states of Pará and Amapá the size of
Denmark. In addition, there were several reserves for
indigenous peoples who were now threatened with extinction.
Against the background of the rapidly rising violence,
the government in September put the military into Rio's
largest slum Rocinha. 1000 soldiers took part in the
fighting with the slum gangs.
An appeal court in Porto Alegre in January 2018 upheld a
previous verdict against Lula for "money laundering and
corruption". The court also increased the sentence from 9
years in prison to 12 years and 1 month. In the polls, Lula
led the polls to the presidential election in October and
the dictatorship by all means wanted to prevent him from
running for office. The ruling triggered widespread protests
across the country and both Lula and PT declared the fight
to stand and win the election. "As long as this heart
continues to beat, those eyes still see and this brain
continues to think, so long the battle is not over,"
declared the former metalworkers chairman and president.
“This country will show that the poor were never the
problem. The poor are the solution. ”(Brazilian court
upholds corruption conviction for ex-president Lula,Guardian
In March, the 38-year-old Afro-Brazilian, single mother,
Rio de Janeiro municipal councilor, and lesbian Marielle
Franco were murdered by camp killers. For many years she had
fought a fierce battle against the bloody violence of the
police and military in her slum Maré. The assassination
triggered a huge demonstration in front of the Rio City Hall
with the participation of over 100,000 people. Police
brutality increased dramatically after the transition to
dictatorship in 2016. In January 2018 alone, 154 were killed
by police in Rio's slums. (Marielle Franco: Brazil's favelas
mourn the death of a champion, Guardian 18/3 2018)