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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Yearbook 2012

2012 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina. According to countryaah, the House of Representatives on January 12 approved Bosnian croat Vjekoslav Bevanda as the country's new prime minister according to a six-party agreement just before New Year. Only in February, almost a year and a half after the 2010 election, was the new coalition government ready. It consisted of the Bosnian SDA (Democratic Action Party) and the SDP (Social Democratic Party), the two predominantly Serbian parties SNSD (Independent Social Democrats Party) and SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) and the Croatian HDZ BiH (Croatia's Democratic Union in Bosnia-Herzegovina) and HDZ1990 (Croatian Coalition).

2012 Bosnia and Herzegovina

Strong political contradictions, however, continued to assert themselves. In May, the SDA voted against the 2012 budget, which contributed to other government parties trying to exclude the party from the government. Another Bosnian party, SBB, was then included in the government. But the SDA claimed its right to remain with reference to the constitution and that the Bosniaks would otherwise be underrepresented in the government. However, the Constitutional Court rejected that argument in August, and in October both SDA ministers were forced out of the government.

The twentieth anniversary of the outbreak of war in 1992 was celebrated in April. over 11,000 empty chairs on a street in Sarajevo - one for every casualty in the capital. A total of 100,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war that lasted until 1995.

In May, the war crimes trial of the UN General Court in The Hague began against the Bosnian Serb general during the war, Ratko Mladić, who was arrested in Serbia a year earlier. The trial was delayed soon, including of complaints about procedural errors. In August, Mladić was taken to hospital for surgery and in November it was decided that he was too ill to participate in the trial. One of the charges against the Bosnian Serb political leader during the war, Radovan Karadžić, was cleared in June, but the other ten charges remained. The trial against him, which began in 2009, continued during the year. In October, Karadžić began his defense. In June, the Bosnian War Criminal Court in Sarajevo sentenced four Bosnians prisoners to between 19 and 40 years in prison for their role in the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, when 8,000 Muslims were murdered.

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