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Africa is the Sahara's oceans of sand, the high and snow-clad Kilimanjaro, impassable jungle and endless savannas.

Egypt's pyramids and temples testify that the world's first writing culture originated in Africa. Modern urban life gallopes into cosmopolitan Nairobi, while traditional patriarchal and matriarchal cultures still live with nature as their closest ally.

Surface: 30 million kmē

Population: 1.1 billion

Largest countries (by population)

  • Nigeria - 182 million
  • Ethiopia - 99 million
  • Egypt - 88 million
  • DR Congo - 79 million
  • South Africa - 54 million

The marvelous Africa

According to, Africa is the world's second largest continent, and perhaps the most diverse. 900 million people populate the continent from Pharaoh's Egypt to beautiful Cape Town at the foot of Table Mountain in South Africa; from hip Senegal in the west to east-west Kenya, breaking all records in both wildlife and tribal people. Exotic Africa has always inspired the imagination of Europeans and attracted adventurers from curious Livingstone to colonial masters in search of cheap labor, cheap raw materials and of course power and prestige. The ancient Greeks called everything south of the Sahara Ethiopia, and the vast amount of unknown land elicited notions of eerie beasts and distinctive, human-like creatures.

The marvelous Africa

Traveling in Africa

One of the classic ways to travel in Africa is safari. Nothing beats seeing the wildlife, which we recognize from the zoo and the animal programs on television, in their natural surroundings. A four-wheel drive jeep between giraffes, gnomes, zebras and the famous "Big Five" - ​​lion, leopard, elephant, rhino and buffalo - is the ideal way to experience the magnificent African nature and guarantee an unforgettable holiday. Eastern and Southern Africa with countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe and South Africa offer plenty of exciting national parks where the many different species of animals are well represented, so there are good chances to see them all.

For those who are interested in history and highly developed ancient civilizations, Egypt is a given destination where you can enter Cleopatra, Tutanchamon and the Great Sphinx of Giza. All this can be experienced on a round trip, possibly in combination with a Nile cruise.

But the African continent, of course, has much more to offer, including the beautiful, palm-lined sandy beaches of the Seychelles and Kenya's coastline to the Indian Ocean. And golf trips, of course. Here, especially South Africa with its mild climate and fine golf courses is a good destination.

Traveling in Africa

Africa - climate

Most of Africa has tropical climate. North and south of the broad tropic zone around the equator, the climate is subtropical; the highest mountains in i.a. East Africa has a temperate climate.

Africa is thus a warm continent; In most places, it is not the temperature that limits plant growth, but the rainfall, and here there are very large differences. On west-facing coasts of Central Africa, on the south coast of West Africa and Madagascar's east-facing slopes, annual rainfall reaches over 3000 mm, while in the driest desert areas it is below 100 mm.

Africa - climate

In large parts of Africa, however, it is not the average annual rainfall that is interesting, but rather the distribution of the rainfall by season and not least the large variations from year to year. Large parts of the continent are thus characterized by recurring periods of drought: at unpredictable intervals, the rain fails completely. An average annual rainfall of 400 mm in the Sahel region can, as a background, have many years largely without rainfall and other years with perhaps 1000 mm. It is also characteristic that there can be very large and entirely local differences in the individual year.

Climate data for Africa thus covers a great deal of variation, which is based on the overall weather systems that characterize the climate. In particular, it is the intertropical convergence zone (ITK) that is a decisive factor for the climate from South Africa to Sahara and from Senegal to Somalia. ITK is the area where two warm winds blow against each other (converge); the air rises, cools, and convective rainfall forms. ITK follows the Sun's annual course; in December at the winter solstice it lies slightly north of the southern circle and in June correspondingly slightly south of the northern circle. This explains, for example, the rainy season. Duration in West Africa: On the Guinea coast, the rain comes early (March), the rainy season is long (possibly with a break midway when ITK is farthest to the north), the rainfall is plentiful, and there is great rainfall. Further north, in the Sahel, the rain comes late (June), the rainy season is short, and certain years it fails completely.

In East Africa, the climate is also affected by monsoon winds that change seasonally. The great summer rainfall (November to March) in Madagascar is due to humid east winds that precipitate from the warm Indian Ocean during the meeting with the continent.

North Africa and southernmost South Africa lie in the subtropical winter rainfall area with mild, humid winters and dry, hot summers. Here, rainfall is especially associated with the rainfall associated with the east-facing frontal systems across the Atlantic, and the amount of precipitation decreases to the east. Areas in Libya, Egypt and the interior of South Africa are thus virtually free of precipitation, and there are also some of the world's hottest places.

Countries in Africa
  1. Algeria
  2. Angola
  3. Benin
  4. Botswana
  5. Burkina Faso
  6. Burundi
  7. Cameroon
  8. Cabo Verde
  9. Central African Republic
  10. Chad
  11. Comoros
  12. Democratic Republic of the Congo
  13. Djibouti
  14. Egypt
  15. Equatorial Guinea
  16. Eritrea
  17. Eswatini
  18. Ethiopia
  19. Gabon
  20. Gambia
  21. Ghana
  22. Guinea
  23. Guinea-Bissau
  24. Ivory Coast
  25. Kenya
  26. Lesotho
  27. Liberia
  28. Libya
  29. Madagascar
  30. Malawi
  31. Mali
  32. Mauritania
  33. Mauritius
  34. Morocco
  35. Mozambique
  36. Namibia
  37. Niger
  38. Nigeria
  39. Republic of the Congo
  40. Rwanda
  41. Sao Tome and Principe
  42. Senegal
  43. Seychelles
  44. Sierra Leone
  45. Somalia
  46. South Africa
  47. South Sudan
  48. Sudan
  49. Tanzania
  50. Togo
  51. Tunisia
  52. Uganda
  53. Western Sahara
  54. Zambia
  55. Zimbabwe

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