Spina Bifida Causes and Effects

Spina Bifida (neural tube defects) are a group of congenital conditions due to lack of closure of structures around the spinal cord. The error happens very early in embryonic life, usually in the third or fourth week of gestation. With the fully developed embryo resulting of this malformation in that parts of one or more vertebrae is missing, so that the spinal cord is more or less denuded. For what are the causes of spina bifida, please visit internetdict.com.

There are different variants of neural tube defects; the most common is what is known as spina bifida occulta with defect of the vertebra. Spina bifida occulta occurs in as many as one in three human. Spina bifida occulta is usually harmless and gives little or no discomfort. Most serious is the anencephali, where the brain is missing. Between these extremes, there is one condition, which is relatively common for myelomeningocele, where spinal cord membrane presses out through a defect in a spinal vertebra.

In recent years there has been much attention on that lack of the vitamin folate (folic acid) may increase the risk for neural tube defects significantly. We therefore recommend that all who plan to become pregnant, taking supplements of folic acid at least three months before they become pregnant. We must continue to take the grant, the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.

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