- Most pregnant women during pregnancy will experience increased pigmentation of the skin on the face, around the nipples, in the median plane at the abdomen, around the genitals and in the armpits
- Change is not harmful, some will experience change be cosmetically annoying
- The main part of the change will be normally-colored again after giving birth
- Increased pigment in the skin is commonly
Nearly all women experience some degree of hyperpigmentation in pregnancy. These changes are usually more prominent in women with darker skin color than with lighter women. The areas around the nipples, genitals and armpits are most often affected.
Both scars and moles can darken. At the individual will be the pale, vertical Middle stripe (called the linea alba in latin) on the abdomen darker during pregnancy (and changes its name to linea nigra).
Individual women are experiencing similar pigmentation changes in connection with the use of birth control pills.
What is melasma?
Melasma is a skin changes, which presents itself as Brown marks in the face for adult persons. Melasma can be found on both sides of the face and is due to increased pigmentation (hyperpigmentation), as developed in the face during a pregnancy or at birth control pill use. The condition also occurs with increasing frequency among persons who use the epilepsy medicine fenytoin. Pigment changes are most often localized to the cheeks, by nose, in the forehead or on the upper lip.
Melasma can be the most annoying cosmetic skin condition in pregnancy.
How frequent is melasma?
The condition occurs in up to 70% of all pregnant women.
Why do you get melasma?
The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but it appears that changes in hormonal status-as in pregnancy-trigger the condition. The alternative designation chloasma means “gestational mask”.
If you procrastinate you extra much to sunlight and other UV radiation, worsen melasma. Therefore, the use of sunscreen with a high factor, which works both against the ultraviolet A and B rays as well as to avoid strong sunshine to prevent melasma develops or becomes worse.
Any irritation of the skin may increase the pigmentation and worsen melasma. The condition is not associated with any internal disease.
What are the symptoms of melasma?
Increased skin pigmentation on the face during pregnancy or by the use of birth control pills.
How made the diagnosis?
On the characteristic symmetric distribution in the face in pregnant women or women who use birth control pills.
What treatment is there?
There is no curative treatment. Mentioned on Songaah.com, even if no treatment is required during pregnancy, you can be reassured that the melasma disappears after birth at the most. However, it is not certain that it disappears completely, and the condition can appear again in later pregnancies or by the use of birth control pills.
Sun protection is the most important treatment. Sunscreen with a high sun protection factor should be used on a daily basis, if you experience any pigment changes as disfiguring. Any cleaning creams, moisturizers or make-up which irritates the skin, you should cease to use.
Significant melasma can after birth is treated, usually with combinations of locally tretinoin and corticosteroids.
If you are using birth control pills, will be that you cease these treatment.
How is long-term prospects?
Melasma often disappears after pregnancy, but it can keep for several years or trade the life out.
How do I avoid getting or worsen melasma?
By applying sunscreen creams and avoid direct sunlight.
Melasma Picture Image on MedicineNet.com
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