- Folic acid deficiency during pregnancy is associated with risk of spina bifida in the fetus
- Folate and folic acid (synthetic) are other names for folic acid
- The health protection agency recommend supplementation with folic acid 400 micrograms daily from pregnancy to be considered and the first 12 weeks of pregnancy-like with booting three months before pregnancy
- A subsidy of 5 mg daily is recommended for women being treated with certain types of medications and to women who have previously been expecting a baby with spina bifida or is familiarly predisposed. It will always be the doctor who prescribes a dose of 5 mg
What is folic acid?
Photo of the basket with green herbs and vegetables zoom. Folic acid (also called folic acid (synthetic) or folate) is a B-vitamin that is necessary for the body to function normally. It is very small quantities, traveling to in order to get enough folic acid. Adults should have approximately 100-300 micrograms daily (1 microgram = 1 milliondel of a gram). But pregnant women should have at least twice as much, because the drug also is an important building block for the fetus.
Usually covered your need for folic acid in a regular healthy diet. Spinach, broccoli, green leafy-vegetables, Orange, milk, cereals and organ meats are foods, all of which contain much folic acid. Some of these foods are included in the diet of most. Lack of folic acid is therefore relatively rarely and is seen primarily in individuals who are malnourished or suffering from a disease of the gastro-intestinal system, which leads to decreased absorption of nutrients from the diet.
In adult humans leads to lack of folic acid in the first instance to low blood percentage. Folic acid deficiency can also lead to psychological symptoms, and it can lead to disorders of the nervous system with reduced sense of touch and the affected spinal cord function.
Why extra folic acid in pregnancy?
Research by bestaah has shown that Spina Bifida (myelo-meningocele) is a congenital malformation, in part serious cases are associated with low levels of folic acid in the body. Studies have shown that the incidence of spina bifida decreases when women take an extra daily supplement of synthetic folic acid (folic acid) prior to and during pregnancy. Although spina bifida is rare, it is recommended, therefore, to take a supplement of folic acid, both before and during the first part of pregnancy as a standard treatment worldwide. It is not dangerous to ingest more than the daily requirement of folic acid, and the treatment is cheap and without side effects.
How do I take folic acid?
It is recommended that you take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily from pregnancy to be considered and the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Optimally take into folsyretilskud in the 3 months before pregnancy occurs. There is good evidence that this dose reduces the risk of neural tube defect (spina bifida) in the child.
Some women are advised a subsidy of 5 mg (5,000 micrograms) folic acid daily from pregnancy is planned up to and including 2 months pregnant in pregnancy. This applies to women who
- in the past has given birth to a child with spina bifida
- have been pregnant with a fetus with spina bifida
- even have congenital spina bifida or whose partner has congenital spina bifida
For women who are in treatment for epilepsy, we recommend also this high dose. This dose should be prescribed by your GP.
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